65 Items for your First Aid Kit

Not just for your typical SHTF, or EOTWAWKI type events, but for any kind of emergency situation. These items can/will come in handy in a multitude of situations, and for the most part are over looked for a survival first aid kit. We learn more and more everyday what common, as well as not so common items can be used in an emergency / a survival situation. When you read through the list I can say with 99% certainty that the vast majority of you will say/think at least one of the following. ‘I never knew that could be used in that manner’ or ‘I need to add that to my first aid kit’ or ‘I already knew about that, just not in that way’. Knowledge is power, Power to the people!

  1. Hazardous Waste Garbage Bags: These red bags are clearly marked as “Bio-hazardous/Infectious Waste” and include a bio-hazard symbol.  They come in many sizes and can be used to discard bandages, compresses, needles, tissues, clothing, and all manner of contaminants.  They are perfect as a trash can liner for the sick room. Since disposition of hazardous medical supplies may not be immediate, it will be important to keep contaminants separated from the rest of the garbage; my plan is to take the sealed hazardous waste bags and double then triple bag then in hefty bags.
  2. Sneeze into the crook of your arm to avoid contaminating your hands
  3. Hemostatic Agent: These go under several brand names, like QuikClot, Celox, and HemCon. What they do is quickly cause the blood to clot, stopping the bleeding much faster. These are best used in large wounds where the risk of death from blood loss is high. These can be more expensive than other first aid items, but they literally can mean the difference between life and death in severe trauma.
  4. Putting toothpaste on a insect sting can stop the pain
  5. Baking soda is an excellent antacid
  6. Tongue Depressors: The main use for them is as a finger split. The best way to treat a broken or severely sprained finger is to immobilize it. They’re also good for kindling if you need to make a fire
  7. Eating activated charcoal will bind ingested chemicals and poisons, and can assist in keeping your body ingesting them any further.
  8. Aloe Vera gel takes the heat out of burns, but so does the sap of an Aloe plant, it is also used to help speed up the process of healing.
  9. Natural yogurt stops the irritation and clears vaginal thrush
  10. Natural yogurt takes the heat out of sunburn
  11. A strong magnet will draw metal to the surface of a wound
  12. Olive oil smothers head lice killing them. Repeat after 5 days
  13. Olive oil treats psoriasis and dry eczema preventing cracking
  14. Cling wrap is the ideal covering for burns
  15. Flexible Drinking Straws:  If you have ever been down for the count, you know how difficult it is to drink out of cup or bottle when you can barely hold your head up.  In addition, drinking from a straw is more sanitary in that after doing so, the straw can be disposed of in a hazardous waste bags; no washing required.
  16. Cinnamon sticks in a jar with water makes antiseptic mouthwash
  17. White vinegar treats fungal nail infection. 1 part vinegar 2 parts water
  18. Duct tape will hold a large wound together until you can deal with it
  19. Scrape stings out with an ATM card.  Pinching it out puts more venom in
  20. Sanitary towels make excellent pressure dressings
  21. Seal a sucking chest wound with a plastic bag fixed on 3 sides over the wound
  22. Clove oil relieves toothache
  23. Strong, cooled black tea relieves conjunctivitis
  24. Parsley stops bad breath and contains  masses of vitamin C and vitamin A
  25. Eggshell is the best form of calcium supplement
  26. Olive oil loosens solid earwax
  27. Tampons and Maxi-pads:  While using these for their normal role is one aspect, they also have uses in first aid. Tampons are good for plugging up puncture wounds and the pads make good dressings. Just make sure you get the non-scented type so you’re not injecting the scent chemical into the wound.
  28. Natural sugar can assist in healing wounds, just pour it on.
  29. Tampons work well to plug penetrating wounds
  30. Curved upholstery needles are good for suturing wounds
  31. Dental floss is a good substitute for suture material in emergencies.
  32. Toothpaste applied to a blister or cold sore will dry them up
  33. A patch of duct tape over a wart will kill it. Change patch daily.
  34. Cut toe nails straight across to prevent in growing and infection
  35. A small blob of softened candle wax can seal a tooth where a filling is lost
  36. Pleasant smells lift the spirit and enhance your mood
  37. Trace elements in homemade chicken soup does make you feel better
  38. Sniffing onions or vapour rub causes tears which washes debris from eyes
  39. Safety Pins:  While this seems like a common item found in first aid kits, you would be surprised at how many kits don’t have any. Not only can you hold bandages in place with these, but they are also good for digging out splinters. They’re safety design makes them easy to carry in your kit.
  40. Petroleum jelly seals grazes and stops bacteria entering the wound
  41. Keep a hand/foot dressing in place with a fingerless rubber glove
  42. Hold an arm/leg dressing in place with cut off piece of panty hose
  43. Strap a broken finger/toe with tape to an unbroken one next to it
  44. Strap two broken fingers together to immobilize them
  45. If you can’t wash your clothes seal them in bags for 5 days to kill typhus lice
  46. Damp dust weekly to prevent mite infestation
  47. Clean wounds however minor as soon as possible to prevent infection
  48. Never burst blisters it lets infection in. Blister fluid is sterile.
  49. Barley water relieves cystitis. (Boil grain and drink the juice)
  50. Cranberry juice relieves cystitis
  51. Spirits:  The higher the alcohol content, the better. Spirits can be used to sterilize instruments and clean wounds.  Unlike isopropyl alcohol, spirits can be ingested internally to dull the patients pain prior to an invasive procedure when anesthetics are unavailable.
  52. If you must lance an abscess use a sterile needle inserted at the bottom to aid drainage
  53. Flies spread disease. Clear all waste,  food, human and pet immediately
  54. Never give alcohol to hypothermia patients, it will cool them more
  55. Re-warm hypothermia victims with gentle heat and do it slowly
  56. Don’t rub areas you suspect to be frost bitten it causes more damage
  57. Prevent scurvy with adequate vitamin C
  58. Prevent rickets with adequate vitamin D
  59. Prevent spina bifida in babies with folic acid in pregnancy
  60. Prevent anemia with adequate iron intake. Cast iron cookware helps
  61. Prevent bone/tooth  problems with adequate calcium
  62. Prevent pregnancy by using natural sponge as a barrier to ejaculate
  63. Natural sponge can also be a reusable feminine hygiene product
  64. Razor Blades:  You might be wondering why the heck razor blades are suggested for the first aid kit.  The single most important reason is that in order to get a proper fit with your N95 or N100 mask , you are going to need to have a clear patch of skin.  If you are ever in a situation where a protective mask is required, it will be handy to have razor blades right there in your kit, ready to go. It also might be a good idea to have a hank of denim so that you can strop the used blades and gives them a near indefinite life.
  65. Liquid Bandage: Though this has become more popular, surprisingly, many people still don’t know about it. Liquid bandage, like New Skin, is just like it sounds: you apply a the liquid to a small wound and within minutes, it dries into a protective bandage. It’s good for keeping out dirt, germs and water, without the annoyance of a bandage.

If you can think of any other items not listed here that should be added to the list, please let us know about it over at: www.facebook.com/mostprepared

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Things you’ll need for Sanitation when SHTF!

In most disaster scenarios or any kind of end of the world as we know it type event, sanitation is going to be a major problem. After an earthquake, flood, hurricane, tornado, in a war zone, or during a pandemic, your surroundings as well as your immediate area can and will be contaminated with germs, viruses and disease. That means any common or public area is going to be extremely dangerous.

Sewers and septic tanks are going to leak / overflow into the surrounding areas, they can potentially contaminate groundwater, lakes, and water pipelines. Without garbage trucks, dead animals and trash will quickly pile up and create breeding grounds for germs and bacteria. Most people will not dispose of their waste properly, and it will more than likely seep into waterways. Petroleum byproducts, oil, gasoline and the like from damaged or submerged vehicles is likely to spread into the earth. To make matters even worse, the increased stress of the situation will lead to a weakening of your immune system. So what can you do?

Ideally, you’ll want to stay inside as long as possible. But if the crisis lasts for long, you’re going to have to go outside eventually. Here are some supplies you should start stocking up on now (in alphabetical order):

1. Clorox Disinfecting Wipes – Great for cleaning any surface areas that are touched often.

2. Drinking Water – You’ll need at least a gallon per person per day. Two gallons would be even better because you’ll also need clean water to bathe yourself with. If you run out of clean water, you’ll have to boil whatever water you can find. A roiling boil for 1 minute should do it. (Rain water must be boiled, too.) If you don’t have room to store a lot of drinking water or don’t have enough fuel to boil water everyday, I recommend buying a Katadyn Pocket Water Microfilter. This will clean up to 13000 gallons of water before the filter needs to be replaced.

3. Feminine Hygiene Products – Self explanatory.

4. Hydrogen peroxide – For treatment of minor cuts, scrapes and burns. Can also be used as a gargle or mouth rinse.

5. Nitrile Gloves – Wear these while cleaning and dealing with waste.

6. Pampers Baby Fresh Wipes – These are great for cleaning yourself if you don’t have enough clean water for bathing.

7. Paper Towels – For drying off after washing yourself. Don’t just use the same cloth towels over and over.

8. Portable Toilet – You may need this if the water tap stops flowing. Don’t forget to buy some small trash bags to use as liners, or consider installing the tried and true ‘Outhouse’ on your property if you are able.

9. Instant Hand Sanitizer – Use it when you get up, after you go to the bathroom, before cooking, before you eat, basically all the time!

10. Regular Unscented Bleach – This kind of bleach has a longer shelf life, and it can also be used to purify water.

11. Toilet Paper – There’s an old survivalist joke that when TSHTF, toilet paper will be worth its weight in gold. I wouldn’t be surprised if this actually happened.

12. Toothbrushes and Toothpaste – Remember, the mouth is the dirtiest part of the body.

13. Trash Bags – You’ll need somewhere to put all those dirty baby wipes. You can never have too many trash bags, they can also be used to place any deceased animals found in/around your shelter into.

14. Rubber Gloves – You’ll need these for when you have to interact with potentially contaminated materials.

15. Learn to make your own soaps using wood ash as the base, this will help if it’s not a disaster situation, but a end of the world as we know it type event.

Remember, the best way to prevent disease is to avoid getting one in the first place. Wash your hands!

What Survival Gear is missing from your Medical Readiness Bag?

Do you have an Individual First Aid Kit (IFAK) and/or a Blow Out Kit (BOK), a Medical Readiness Bag (MRG) or just your plain old run of the mill first aid kit? Asking any survivalist / prepper / homesteader / camper / hiker / mountain climber, what their most important piece of gear is and you’ll hear a vast number of of answers, but the least common answer will be a first aid kit. To make matters worse, the kits that are commonly used are so poorly equipped or under equipped, they are almost useless.
Rather than a collection of loose items, we suggest per-packaging treatment kits using zip-lock bags. One sandwich sized bag could potentially contain gauze, bandage, butterflies, prep pads, and tape. Everything to treat one moderate sized wound.  You can easily put all the prepackaged bags in one layer of your BOK for quick access. In a single toss to a team member you’re able to pass everything they need to treat most soft tissue injuries.
You are far more likely to find yourself in a situation where you must administer first aid than in a self-defense situation, yet hardly anyone in our community would consider leaving home unarmed—so what logical reason could you have for not carrying a properly equipped med kit? Here is a list of the very basics of items that we suggest carrying in your IFAK.
Nitrile gloves
Nitrile gloves are like an armor-plated version of latex gloves that will aid in keeping additional contaminants out of the wound while protecting you from bio-hazards. You’ll never have a completely sterile environment in a real world emergency situation, but these gloves will help you come a lot closer?
Tweezers & Magnifying Glass
Metal shavings, splinters, cactus spines, moderate sized debris etc. sealed inside a bandaged wound can lead to infections. More humans have been killed by bacteria than bullets. Not to mention how annoying a splinter or burr is. Tweezers can help clean a wound where just washing and wiping won’t. In conjunction with the tweezers is of course the magnifying glass, if you can’t see the item in question that needs to be removed, you don’t know it’s there.
Sewing Kit
This may sound a little redundant but a sewing kit with regular thread, as well as waxed thread can be very beneficial in a med kit. It can be used to stitch wounds. It can be used to repair torn clothing such as cold whether clothing to help prevent hypothermia. The needles can also be used to lance an abscess, or assist in removing a sliver from beneath the skin, or in conjunction with a pair of tweezers to remove a splinter.
Battle Dressing Bandage
You need something more effective, then your kids sponge bob, and hello kitty band-aids in most emergency survival situations. You can get by, as people have done for decades, with gauze pads and a strip of cloth, also known as a Pressure Bandage, or a Battle Dressing Bandage.
Tampons and Sanitary Napkin
Sanitary pads originated post WWI, from the development of field dressings. Their larger cousin the tampon evolved from a fast bullet wound plug, to its current use to assist in blood management during menstruation.  They can absorb a tremendous amount of blood given their small compact size, when used in conjunction with the next item on the list, they can serve to treat a vast number of soft tissue wounds.
Athletic Wrap Tape
Instead of adhesive tape, as it sticks well, but not to hard to remove. Wide, can be ripped narrow if you need to. Purchased in box of multiple rolls, price is better.  Reusable so allows the wound to be checked, and re-covered until the skin starts growing back in. Reduces problems with proud flesh, scar tissue, soft new skin splitting open after bandage removal. Little to no scabbing. May have some oozy drainage that a sanitary pad can easily soak up. So the wound heals from the inside out, just fills what is needed for repair on the leg. I am real happy with this method. You put in a LOT of time with daily wound checks and unwrapping / re-wrapping and washing at first, but once the soft tissue closes, a few extra days of covering the wound with this type of wrapping can limit the potential reopening of the wound.
QuickClot
QuikClot gauze is used by law enforcement, paramedics, and military. This is not standard gauze though; it’s designed for severe wounds that won’t stop bleeding with pressure alone, like deep lacerations or gun shot wounds. You pack this specialized gauze, which contains a clotting agent, into the wound and then apply a pressure bandage. It’s important to inform emergency personnel  that you used QuickClot, because doctors will have to take certain precautions when removing it to properly treat the victim, otherwise, they could cause additional damage.
Non-Stick-Gauze
Gauze pads are handy in a variety of first aid situations—especially when used with a pressure bandage, but after suffering several serious wounds over the years, I’ve developed a special appreciation for the non-stick type because it makes changing the dressing much less painful. Toss about 20 pads into your kit in a Ziplock bag and you should be prepared for most scenarios.
Tourniquet
Tourniquets have gotten a bad rap but the last decade of combat in Afghanistan has taught us that reputation is undeserved. Eventually, every wound will stop bleeding; the only question is whether that happens before or after the victim is dead. Extreme injuries, such as severed arteries, or even limbs often require a tourniquet; without one, the victim can bleed out in a matter of minutes. Having one AND knowing WHEN and HOW to use it may just save someones life.
Nasopharyngeal Airway
An unconscious victim may be unable to breathe because their tongue and throat muscles relax and obstruct their airway. A nasal airway device (which includes lubrication) is inserted to provide a semi-rigid airway, aiding continued breathing. This isn’t a buy and forget type of item though, like the tourniquet its use requires training and practice. But once again, could potentially save someones life.

Notice: This is not a list of any sort in its entirety, this is simply a list of the bare minimal items we would recommend, for a BOK. Remember a BOK is not your average everyday first aid kit. This is more of a trauma kit or a moderate to severe emergency kit.
What are your thoughts on this list?
Did we miss something?
What would you recommend adding?
Tell us more in your comment below!
Do you have an idea for topic? Leave a comment on our Facebook page under this article at: http://www.facebook.com/mostprepared or join our group at: http://www.facebook.com/groups/sotmp

Goat Milk vs. Cow Milk

Dairy farmers had quite a marketing plan back in the 1980’s that made them more than 13 billion dollars in recent years. With commercials touting milk mustaches and encouraging little kids to drink their milk (even if it’s chocolate, and full of refined sugar), should we question if cow’s milk is really that ‘good’ for the body? Many people don’t believe in drinking milk at all, but much of the world drinks more goat’s milk than cow’s milk, so what’s up with the American addiction to the cow? In this match of goat milk vs. cow milk, which will come out on top?
We begin life relying on our mother’s milk, and breast feeding research makes it clear that feeding babies with breast milk far exceeds anything made by any corporation. So perhaps our obsession with cow’s milk comes from this strange correlation. Maybe not. The bottom line, though, is that the rest of the world drinks goat’s milk because it is simply better for the human body.

Here’s why:

You don’t have to homogenize goat’s milk; it is naturally homogenized. Homogenization is a process done to cow’s milk to equally distribute the fat molecules so that when you purchase a jug from your grocery store it doesn’t have milk curd (milk cream) floating on the top of your milk. If you put two glasses of fresh goat’s and cow’s milk in the refrigerator overnight, the cow’s milk separates, and the goat’s milk does not. Homogenization of milk also causes fat cells to break, releasing a free radical called Xanthine Oxidase. As we know, free radicals aren’t good for you; they cause DNA mutations, among other things.
Cow’s milk sold in stores and not purchased fresh from a dairy farm is also pasteurized in order to kill any pathogenic bacteria, but this also kills all the good bacteria that contribute to healthy gut flora and proper digestion – of everything you eat, but also the cow’s milk you drink. Enzymes and vitamins A, D, and C are also eradicated in the process of pasteurization, and this is why Vitamin D is often added back into cow’s milk. Pasteurization kills the life out of the milk.
Goat’s milk is about 85% less allergenic than Cow’s milk, so people suffer intolerance less often. In children under three in the United States, milk is one of the most allergic foods
Goat’s milk is easier to digest for the majority of people than cow’s milk and most closely matches the milk produced by human body. The simplicity of digesting goat’s milk has to do with how fat is digested in the body. Basically, the fat molecules in goat’s milk are smaller, and therefore easier to stomach. Goat’s milk also contains less lactose, so there is less likelihood of developing an intolerance.
Goat Milk Advantages
The most significant difference between goat milk and cow milk is that fresh, unpasteurized cow milk forms a distinct cream-line at the top and goat milk does not.   The reason is that goat milk is naturally homogenized which means the fat molecules are smaller than in cow milk and so remain evenly dispersed throughout the milk.   The smaller size of the fat globules seems to make goat milk more digestible for some people but not all.   I personally find no difference in digestibility between the two.
While the protein structure of cow and goat milk is fairly similar, goat milk is missing an alpha casein present in cow’s milk.  In addition, when you drink a glass of goat milk and it reacts with the acid in your stomach, the protein curds that precipitate are smaller in size and a bit softer than the ones that form with cow’s milk.  This is another reason some folks find goat milk to be more easily digested than cow milk.
Cow Milk Advantages
Cow milk is higher is vitamin B12 which so many people are severely deficient in.  Goat milk also lacks folic acid making cow milk more suitable for homemade infant formula in the event the mother cannot breastfeed.
Cow milk is also higher in B6 making it a better choice for pregnant mothers who have morning sickness. My ex-wife suffered from B6 deficiency and morning sickness and found sipping fresh cows milk during the first trimester to bring almost immediate relief. Incidentally, B6 is destroyed by pasteurization so any sort of heat treated or pasteurized milk will not help in this regard.  The milk must be farm fresh and preferably grass-fed.
Cow milk is usually more readily available than goat milk and is typically a lower cost per gallon making it more suitable for tighter budgets.

And The Winner Is?
So in the fight of goat milk vs. cow milk, goat milk does indeed come out victorious. If you’re a milk-drinker, go goat.
Goat’s milk is just better for you, overall. It has a greater concentration of essential fatty acids such as linoleic and arachidonic acid than cow’s milk along with higher amounts of vitamin B-6, vitamin A, and niacin. The milk also has higher levels of bioavailable iron, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium which results in the restoration of altered haematological parameters and better levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH).

Sources:
http://www.raw-milk-facts.com/homogenization_T3.html
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070730100229.htm

▶ “Survival” Mods

Always looking for new and improved ways to distribute the weight of my gear for every day use, as well as how to get the most out of my E.D.C. Check out the mods, and gear options listed below for some great ideas on how to mod out your gear with some of these ideas.
Let me tell you from the get go, some of these are just plain genius, while others are just scratch your head and get you thinking types of videos.

▶ What Goes in a Bug Out Bag?

▶ Top Ten Bug Out Bag MISTAKES!

▶ Top 10 Forgotten Bug Out Bag Items

▶ “Survival” Boot Mods – YouTube

▶ Chap Stick Keychain Mod Secret Stash Box

▶ 20 Paper Clip Hacks for Survival & Everyday Uses

▶ 20 Condom Uses for SHTF Survival

▶ 10 Everyday Items You Can Re-purpose in a Survival Situation

Get Home Bag EDC

Check out our recent Get Home Bag [everyday carry bag] walk through with Admin Chad H. from: Survival of the Most Prepared [facebook.com/mostprepared] and our group at: facebook.com/groups/sotmp
click this link to the video: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bk_4Vn6SQO4

Junk in your Trunk? [Basic Vehicle Survival Kit]

When on you’re out on the open highway, you never know just where, when, or even what kind of emergency might happen. Even being an experienced, careful driver that takes good care of your vehicle, won’t prevent accidents from happening. Always be mindful of one very important face; there are all sorts of people out there, that just so happen to also using that same road, that alone should be enough to pack at least a few of the items listed below in your vehicle. There are also things that might occur that are out of your control. Like the old adage goes, “Hope for the best, plan for the worse”, making sure to prepare as best as you can for what might happen by stocking your vehicle with the right items, to keep you on your way to your final destination.

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Medical Preparedness – Burn Treatment

There will be times when no professional medical expertise is available. You’ll have to take care of yourself, your family, or your team, the best way you know how. When it comes to treating burns most people will aggravate the situation due to a lack of knowledge. There are many things that can cause burns, from heat sources to electrical wires, even UV radiation from the sun. Burn treatment isn’t overly complicated and should be learned by everyone.

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Ways to store Meat without Refrigeration

Living on a homestead, or in any rural area, or preparing for a potential natural disaster. Being 40 miles from the nearest grocery store tends to prompt one to learn good food storage.  Some homesteaders have our own cattle, and tend to large freezer filled with beef, or are hunters and have that same freezer filled with venison.  Freezing has become the perfect modern way to preserve our precious supply of good ole’ meat.

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DIY: Detail Your Own Car!!

Detailing your Cloth Seats and Interior Carpeting:

Do you have kids? Pets? Kids with Pets? In my experience any combination of this equation to be very results in stains of one shape, or form. Normally once every 3 months I do a deep cleaning of our cars, pull out the booster seat, and the floor mats and time and again, I am mystified by what I find. Stains, melted foodstuff, spilled juice, and much much more. I called around to some local car detailing shops, as well as those Groupon.com companies that will come out to your and clean your car. Needless to say I am way too frugal (insert: cheap) to pay someone else over $200 to clean my car for me. Continue reading

Everyday Survival Lessons from Single Parents!

Without a doubt, single parents often have to learn how to make do with what they have, which at times isn’t all that much. Partly due to less money coming in as there is only 1 source of household income, and partly because one person can only be in so many places at once!
Single parents have to learn skills that parents that have support from second parent may not have to. As a result, single parents tend to be nominally more self-reliant and crafty with their time and resources. Continue reading

Red Flags when choosing Reclaimed Wood or Pallets for DIY/Craft Projects

Although the use of pallet wood is becoming extremely hot property lately, it also comes with some controversy. Before diving into the wonderful world of working with pallet wood, please educate yourself on the dangers involved.

Here are some tips and safety information you should be armed with before carrying pallet wood home for your own DIY projects. Continue reading